FARGO, N.D. (AP) — Some poll workers in North Dakota who created confusion and frustration during the spring primary by allegedly demanding proof of U.S. citizenship, particularly from immigrants and people of color had no power to do so, the state attorney general said.
Attorney General Drew Wrigley said in a five-page document released late Wednesday that North Dakota law does not require a voter to provide documents of citizenship in order to cast a ballot. Every voter is asked if they are a citizen and if they answer yes, they should be allowed to vote provided they have proper ID, Wrigley said.
“There are legislative provisions that could alter this legal structure in North Dakota if enacted by a future legislative assembly, but they are not yet before me,” Wrigley wrote.
Many of the primary voting complaints were lodged in Fargo, which has the state’s largest Black population and has resettled about 75 percent of the state’s refugees, most of whom are from Bhutan, Bosnia, Somalia, and Iraq. Voting rights activists like Amy Jacobson call Wrigley’s opinion a step in the right direction but aren’t sure if poll workers and others got the message. Cass County, where Fargo is located, just completed two days of training for voting site volunteers.
“We are cautiously optimistic,” said Jacobson, executive director of Prairie Action ND. “We have also heard that there has been some pushback from a few people attending the training who are upset about the process.”
Cass County State’s Attorney Birch Burdick, who sent a letter in July asking for Wrigley’s opinion, essentially delivered the same information on the citizenship question to poll trainees on Tuesday and Wednesday, before the attorney general filed his opinion. Burdick said he heard several “concerns” from people.
“Over the two days of training there were lots of questions about the basis for the legal advice I provided on the topic,” Burdick said. “In the last session, one worker flat out told me I was wrong.”
North Dakota does not have voter registration. Acceptable IDs for voting include a North Dakota driver’s license, a North Dakota non-driver’s identification card, a tribal government-issued identification, or a long-term care facility certificate.
The IDs must provide a legal name, date of birth, and current address. If any of that information is inaccurate or out of date, a person can provide “supplemental documentation” such as current utility bills, bank statements, or paychecks. Even if they cannot verify that, people can file a provisional ballot, obtain the proper ID and have it approved by a canvassing board, Cass County Election Administrator Murray Nash said.
“I believe the confusion has now been clarified by the state attorney general,” Nash said, adding that he expects “plain sailing” on Election Day if everyone comes prepared.
Sewit Eskinder, a Black woman from Fargo who was born and raised in the Minneapolis area, was rejected at one polling site in the spring primary after showing her Real ID card. She said she’s not “super confident” that consistent changes will make it easier for people of color to vote.
“Those people who made it hard to vote in the first place will likely still be there and I’m not certain the training will be strenuous enough,” said Eskinder, a teacher and artist. “I am planning to vote in person again but I am worried about a repeat of last time — not just for myself but for others, too.”
Jacobson, who along with representatives from the American Civil Liberties Union and other groups monitored polling sites in the spring, said she’s happy with Wrigley’s opinion, but that fact he waited until two weeks before the election might not be enough to thaw the chilling effect resulting from the primary. She said while the citizenship confusion was the most widespread issue, there were reports of non-English speaking voters also being denied the right to legal assistance.
An ad-hoc group that has been established since the June election has been helping new residents with voting requirements and has established a lawyer hotline, Jacobson said.